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雅思真题写作(范文讲评2)
来源:  发布时间:2011-01-07 00:00:00  点击:661
 

雅思写作最常见的提问角度有三种,What are its causes and what measures should be taken to solve it? (分析问题解决问题)discuss both views and give your opinion ?(平衡两边写) 以及to what extent do you agree or disagree? (让步反驳) 。这些提问都有典型的信号词。行文时在首段尾句要明确表明自己的立场或是写作目的。在尾段的观点总结句还要再次重申观点,总结理由。
  1)现在我们来看看让步反驳类话题主题观点句的写法:
  题目:
  Housing shortage in big cities can cause severe consequence, some people think that only the government can solve the problems. To what extent do you agree or not(大城市的住房短缺可以引起严重的后果,有人说只有政府才能解决这个问题,是否同意?)
  解析:该题目中有关键性的信息词only, 这个表示绝对性的词汇过于武断,很难令人信服,但是该观点又有其合理成分。综上分析,文章推荐首段尾句写作如下:
  As I see it, there is an element of truth in this opinion, yet it is not completely true. This essay aims to explore the roles that governments play in the process of resolving housing shortage and other means available. (在我看来,这个观点有合理成分但是又不完全正确,这篇文章将要探讨下在解决住房短缺的过程中政府扮演的角色以及其他的可行的方法。)
  2)另外,考生要留意的是论证的过程不可以偷换概念。
 More working people are busy with work and have no time to spend with their families and friends. Why does this happen? What are the effects on family life and society as a whole? (人们忙于工作,没有时间和家人和朋友分分享,原因和何在,对于家庭和社会的影响?)
  解析:该题目的提问十分清晰,要求论证的是家庭关系不紧密的原因和影响。结果有的考生却写成了分析问题解决问题,还有烤鸭分析现代生活的快节奏是引起家庭纽带不紧密的原因,此原因很合理,可是余下的部分考生却偷换了概念,大谈特谈快节奏生活的利好和弊端,那自然就已偏题甚远。
  3)充分论证问题就是要用例证,反证,再解释等写作手段去支持主题论点或者反驳不支持的观点。在近期的雅思作文中,题目总越来越多的要求用例证去支持观点,这就要求大家有意识的分类整理各个写作话题的例证。
  题目:Todaymore and more developing countries are expanding tourist industry. Why is the case? Do you regard as positive or negative? (现今,很多国家发展旅游业的原因,你认为有利还是有不弊?)
  解析:分析该题目,推荐的写作思路是谈及发展旅游业的原因,在分别论证其利好和弊端,作者的观点应以支持为主,对于弊端可以提出建议的解决途径。
  分支观点的支持句例证如下:
  The most striking merit of boosting tourism is that it could generate immense economic value. South Africa could severe as a perfect example, which used to poverty-stricken and behind place. As tourism booms, it now becomes one of the most promising and eye-catching scenic spots. When tourists do their sightseeing, they will buy local souvenirs, dine in restaurants and seek accommodations, hence, the prosperity of tourism spurs national economy and multiplies tax revenue.
  (发展旅游业的最显著的利好就是能够创造经济价值。南非就是很好的例子,过去的南非落后贫穷,旅游业的发展使得南非成为最有前景和惹眼的旅游地之一。当游客观光游览之时,会购物,就餐,住宿等,因此旅游业的繁荣刺激了国民经济,增加了税收。)